数据资源: 部分林业期刊全文

新疆那拉提山地草原风景区生态环境质量评价



编号 lyqk009708

中文标题 新疆那拉提山地草原风景区生态环境质量评价

作者 酒江涛  董婵婵  母俊景  穆洪洲  景一敏  阿丽亚·拜都热拉 

作者单位 新疆农业大学林学与风景园林学院 乌鲁木齐 830052

期刊名称 中国城市林业 

年份 2022 

卷号 20

期号 1

中文摘要 准确评估风景区生态质量及变化对我国西部地区的风景区规划与保护具有重要参考作用。本研究选取新疆那拉提旅游风景区2007、2014和2019年Landsat5/8遥感影像,通过计算植被覆盖度(FVC)和遥感生态指数(RSEI)评估那拉提旅游风景区2007—2019年的生态环境质量及其变化。结果表明:1)风景区的FVC和RSEI有着较强的相关性,空间分布和变化趋势有较强的一致性,FVC和RSEI的结合能够较好反映2007—2019年风景区生态质量及其空间变化特点。2)风景区生态环境质量呈现先降后升趋势,整体呈微弱上升趋势。3)NDVI和WET对RSEI影响较大,NDSI和LST对RSEI影响较小;降雨量和风景区的开发保护策略对RSEI的变化有密切关系。4)风景区西北部海拔较低区域的FVC和RSEI变化幅度较大,东南部海拔较高区域的变化幅度较小;FVC和RSEI较高的区域分布在海拔2900 m以下,超过2900 m 后,FVC和RSEI都急剧下降。5)坡向对平面、东南、南、西南方向的FVC和RSEI有轻微影响,其他方向影响不大;地形起伏度对FVC和RSEI均值的影响呈现先增后降趋势,在起伏度为50~100 m时,FVC和RSEI的均值均为最高,之后出现小幅度下降。基于研究结果,建议对风景区进行科学规划、稳步开发、强化管理、统筹全局,促进风景区健康协调可持续发展。

关键词 植被覆盖度  遥感生态指数  生态环境质量  新疆那拉提旅游风景区 

基金项目 国家自然科学基金面上项目绿洲城市路侧树种不同器官对降尘和土壤重金属的富集及转运机理研究(31971713)

英文标题 Evaluation of Ecological Environment Quality of Mountainous Grassland Tourist Scenic Spot in Xinjiang Nalati

作者英文名 Jiu Jiangtao, Dong Chanchan, Mu Junjing, Mu Hongzhou, Jing Yimin, Aliya·Baidurela

单位英文名 College of Forestry and Landscape Architecture, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi, 830052, China

英文摘要 Accurate evaluation of ecological quality and its changes of scenic spots is of great importance for scenic spots planning and protection in western China. This study selects the Landsat 5/8 remote sensing images of Nalati Tourist Scenic Spot of Xinjiang in 2007, 2014 and 2019, and evaluates the ecology environmental quality and its changes from 2007 to 2019 by calculating the fractional vegetation cover (FVC) and remote sensing based ecological index (RSEI). The results show that: 1) There is a strong correlation between FVC and RSEI in the scenic spot, which maintains a strong consistency between spatial distribution and change trend. The combination of FVC and RSEI can better reflect the ecological quality of the scenic spot and its spatial changes in 2007-2019; 2) The ecological environment quality of the scenic spot decreases first and then increases, and the overall trend presents slightly increasing trend; 3) NDVI and WET have a greater impact on RSEI in a positive direction, while having less impact on RSEI; Rainfall and the development and protection strategies of the scenic spot are close to the changes of RSEI; 4) FVC and RSEI in the lower-altitude areas in the northwest of the scenic spot vary greatly, while the changes in the higher-altitude areas in the southeast are relatively small; Areas with higher FVC and RSEI are distributed below the altitude of 2 900 m, and above the altitude of 2 900 m, both FVC and RSEI drop sharply; 5) The slope aspect has a slight effect on the FVC and RSEI in the plane, southeast, south, and southwest directions, and has little effect on other directions. The influence of relief amplitude on the average value of FVC and RSEI shows a trend of first increase and then decrease. When the relief amplitude is 50~100 m, the average values of FVC and RSEI are both highest, and then there is a slight decrease. Based on the results, it is suggested to carry out scientific planning, promote steady development, strengthen management and overall planning so as to promote the healthy, coordinated and sustainable development of scenic spots.

英文关键词 fractional vegetation cover;remote sensing based ecological index;ecological environmental quality;Nalati tourist scenic spot of Xinjiang

起始页码 7

截止页码 14

投稿时间 2021/10/15

作者简介 酒江涛(1991- ),男,硕士,讲师,主要从事风景园林规划与设计研究。E-mail:jiujiangtao1991@163.com

通讯作者介绍 母俊景(1978- ),女,硕士,副教授,主要从事地域建筑研究及乡村规划研究。E-mail:mujunjing@163.com

E-mail mujunjing@163.com

DOI 10.12169/zgcsly.2021.10.15.0003

参考文献 [1] 宋美杰,罗艳云,段利民.基于改进遥感生态指数模型的锡林郭勒草原生态环境评价[J].干旱区研究,2019,36(6):1521-1527.
[2] 徐涵秋.城市遥感生态指数的创建及其应用[J].生态学报,2013,33(24):7853-7862.
[3] 徐涵秋.区域生态环境变化的遥感评价指数[J].中国环境科学,2013,33(5):889-897.
[4] XU H Q,WANG Y F,GUAN H D,et al.Detecting ecological changes with a remote sensing based ecological index (RSEI) produced time series and change vector analysis[J].Remote Sensing,2019,2345(11):1-24.
[5] 王士远,张学霞,朱彤,等.长白山自然保护区生态环境质量的遥感评价[J].地理科学进展,2016,35(10):1269-1278.
[6] ANATOLY A,GITELSON Y J,KAUFMAN R S,et al.Novel algorithms for remote estimation of vegetation fraction[J].Remote Sensing of Environment,2002,80(1):76-87.
[7] 王志超,何新华.基于植被覆盖度和遥感生态指数的成都市锦江区生态质量评估[J].生态与农村环境学报,2021,37(4):492-500.
[8] XI S H,HANG Q X.A new remote sensing index based on the pressure-state-response framework to assess regional ecological change[J].Environmental Science and Pollution Research,2019,26:5381-5393.
[9] ENRIC V,VICENTE C.Mapping land surface emissivity from NDVI:Application to European,African,and South American areas[J].Remote Sensing of Environment,1996,57:167-184.
[10] YU X,GUO X,WU Z.Land surface temperature retrieval from landsat 8 TIRS:Comparison between radiative transfer equation-based method,split window algorithm and single channel method[J].Remote Sensing,2014,6:9829-9852.
[11] 覃志豪,李文娟,徐斌,等.陆地卫星TM6波段范围内地表比辐射率的估计[J].国土资源遥感,2004,(3):28-32.
[12] 柳菲.地表比辐射率遥感反演方法研究[D].湖北:湖北大学,2012.
[13] 刘盼,任春颖,王宗明,等.南瓮河自然保护区生态环境质量遥感评价[J].应用生态学报,2018,29(10):3347-3356.
[14] 徐建华.计量地理学[M].2版.北京:高等教育出版社,2014.
[15] 李粉玲,常庆瑞,申健,等.黄土高原沟壑区生态环境状况遥感动态监测:以陕西省富县为例[J].应用生态学报,2015,26(12):3811-3817.
[16] 张文强,孙从建,李新功.晋西南黄土高原区植被覆盖度变化及其生态效应评估[J].自然资源学报,2019,034(008):1748-1758.
[17] 李苗苗,吴炳方,颜长珍,等.密云水库上游植被覆盖度的遥感估算[J].资源科学,2004,(4):153-159.
[18] 张成才,娄洋,李颖,等.基于像元二分模型的伏牛山地区植被覆盖度变化[J].水土保持研究,2020,27(3):301-307.
[19] 中华人民共和国国家标准.风景名胜区规划规范:GB50298-1999[S].
[20] 何麟.风景区道路规划设计初探[D].重庆:西南大学,2011.

PDF全文 浏览全文

相关图谱

扫描二维码