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佯黄竹栽培技术试验



编号 lyqk009848

中文标题 佯黄竹栽培技术试验

作者 王勇  周国强  余英 

作者单位 宜宾林竹产业研究院 四川宜宾 644000

期刊名称 世界竹藤通讯 

年份 2022 

卷号 20

期号 4

栏目名称 学术园地 

中文摘要 佯黄竹(Bambusa changningensis Yi et B.X.Li)具有发笋期长、发笋量大、生长适应性广、材性好等特点,是优良的笋材两用竹种,具有重要的经济价值和生态价值。文章试验研究了底肥类型(农家肥、复合肥)、栽植季节(春季、冬季)、栽植方式(双头带蔸埋秆栽植、单株栽植)对佯黄竹生长的影响。结果表明:不同底肥类型间对佯黄竹成活率具有显著影响,对发笋数和成竹数则影响不显著;不同的栽植季节和栽植方式对佯黄竹成活率、发笋数和成竹数均有显著影响;底肥类型、栽植季节和栽植方式的不同处理组合对佯黄竹成活率、发笋数、成竹数均具有显著影响,其中施复合肥底肥,春季采用双头带蔸埋秆栽植方式在成活率、发笋数、成竹数3个指标上均表现最优,成活率达到96.7%,发笋数达到8.3株/丛,成竹数达到6.7株/丛。

关键词 佯黄竹  底肥  栽植季节  栽植方式  四川宜宾 

基金项目 宜宾市科学技术重点研究项目绵黄竹特性及利用价值研究(2014ZNY017);中央财政林业科技推广项目佯黄竹丰产栽培技术推广示范(川2018TG06)。

英文标题 Cultivation Technique Test for Bambusa changningensis Yi et B.X.Li

作者英文名 Wang Yong, Zhou Guoqiang, Yu Ying

单位英文名 Yibin Forestry and Bamboo Industry Research Institute, Yibin 644000, Sichuan, China

英文摘要 Bambusa changningensis Yi et B.X.Li is an excellent species for culm and shoot production with important economic and ecological values,which has the characteristics of long shooting period,high shoot yield,broad growth adaptability and good timber quality.This paper studies the effects of base fertilizer (farmyard manure,compound fertilizer),planting seasons (spring,winter),and planting methods (double-head planting of culming with bamboo stumps,individual-plant planting) on the growth of B.changningensis Yi et B.X.Li.The results show that different types of basal fertilizer have a significant effect on the survival rate of this bamboo species,but has an insignificant effect on the number of shoots and culms of B.changningensis Yi et B.X.Li,and different planting seasons and planting methods have significant effects on its survival rate and its number of shoot and culms.The different combinations of base fertilizer,planting season and planting method have a significant impact on its survival rate,shoot number and culm number,while the combination of compound fertilizer,planting in spring and double-head planting of culming with bamboo stumps has the best performance in the three indicators of survival rate,shoot number and culm number,with the survival rate at 96.7%,shoot number at 8.3 plants/cluster and culm number at 6.7 plants/cluster.

英文关键词 Bambusa changningensis Yi et B.X.Li;basal fertilizer;planting season;planting method;Yibin City,Sichuan Province

起始页码 48

截止页码 51

作者简介 王勇(1974-),高级工程师,主要从事竹良种选育及竹林高效培育研究。E-mail:1582456170@qq.com。

DOI 10.12168/sjzttx.2022.04.010

参考文献 [1] 易同培,李本祥.佯黄竹:我国经济竹子一新种[J].四川林业科技, 2012, 33(3):7-10.
[2] 王勇,周国强.佯黄竹生物学生态学特性研究[J].四川林业科技, 2016, 37(6):94-96.
[3] 王勇,尚彬,周国强.佯黄竹特性及利用价值研究[J].四川林业科技, 2017, 38(3):72-74.
[4] 甘青,贺珑,邹伟.新造毛竹林施用底肥后出笋及幼竹生长情况调查分析[J].现代园艺, 2013(12):5-6.
[5] 周芳纯.竹林培育和利用[R].南京:南京林业大学, 1998.

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